Promoting Interdisciplinary Science and Stakeholders’ Approaches for Multi-Scale Implementation of Continental Carbon Sequestration

Abstract: The Paris Climate Agreements and Sustainable Development Goals, signed by
197 countries, present agendas and address key issues for implementing multi-scale responses
for sustainable development under climate change—an e ort that must involve local, regional,
national, and supra-national stakeholders. In that regard, Continental Carbon Sequestration (CoCS)
and conservation of carbon sinks are recognized increasingly as having potentially important
roles in mitigating climate change and adapting to it. Making that potential a reality will require
indicators of success for various stakeholders from multidisciplinary backgrounds, plus promotion
of long-term implementation of strategic action towards civil society (e.g., law and policy makers,
economists, and farmers). To help meet those challenges, this discussion paper summarizes the
state of the art and uncertainties regarding CoCS, taking an interdisciplinary, holistic approach
toward understanding these complex issues. The first part of the paper discusses the carbon cycle’s
bio-geophysical processes, while the second introduces the plurality of geographical scales to be
addressed when dealing with landscape management for CoCS. The third part addresses systemic
viability, vulnerability, and resilience in CoCS practices, before concluding with the need to develop
inter-disciplinarity in sustainable science, participative research, and the societal implications of
sustainable CoCS actions.

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